Salacia Oblonga herbal cure for diabetes , Ayurvedic cure for diabetes and also for type 2 diabetes
      About Salacia Oblonga

Salacia Oblonga ( or Saptrangi, Ponkoranti ), is a woody plant found in the forests of Srilanka and India. The Roots and stems of Salacia Oblonga have been used extensively in Ayurveda and traditional Indian Medicine for the treatment for Diabetes.

 
Botanika - Diabosal

Salacia Oblonga has also been found to show inhibitory activity on Aldose Reductase which is related to such chronic diabetic complications as peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy, and cataracts. Superior in terms of safety compared to chemically synthesized products, Salacia Oblonga is an effective anti-diabetic and dieting agent. Salacia Oblonga is more than 200 times stronger than Acarbose, an alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor manufactured by Bayer Corp. In a study conducted by Kowsalya et at., it was determined that 2.5 to 5.0 grams of Salacia Oblonga daily is effective in lowering the blood glucose, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and increasing the HDL cholesterol levels of non-insulin dependent diabetes patients.

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Other Facts about Salacia Oblonga

Recently, it has been found that a-Glucosidase inhibitors are potent therapeutic agents in carbohydrate-metabolic disorders such as Diabetes Mellitus.

Salacia Oblonga contains two potent a-Glucosidase inhibitors: Salicinol and Kotalanol 9. Methanol extracts from the roots of Salacia Oblonga exhibit an inhibitory effect on the increase of serum glucose levels in sucrose- and maltose-loaded rats. Salacia Oblonga has also been found to show inhibitory activity on Aldose Reductase which is related to such chronic diabetic complications as peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy, and cataracts.

Superior in terms of safety compared to chemically synthesized products, Salacia Oblonga is an effective anti-diabetic and dieting agent. Salacia Oblonga is more than 200 times stronger than Acarbose, an a-Glucosidase inhibitor manufactured by Bayer Corp.

In a study conducted by Kowsalya et at., it was determined that 2.5 to 5.0 grams of Salacia Oblonga daily is effective in lowering the blood glucose, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and increasing the HDL cholesterol levels of non-insulin dependent diabetes patients.

It is know that glucose absorbed in the body is converted into glycogens and neutral lipids by insulin and then accumulates as body fat and organ fat, thus causing obesity.

Salacia Oblonga inhibits the breakdown of oligosaccharides (disaccharides and trisaccharides) such as sucrose, maltose, etc. into monosaccharides and inhibits the absorption of monosaccharides such as glucose, mannose, etc. in the body, preventing blood sugar levels from rising.

Another Interesting Fact about Salacia Oblonga

Herbs used in traditional Indian medicine to treat diabetes seems to lower blood sugar and insulin levels in a manner similar to prescription drugs, a new study reports.

Researchers gave extracts of the herb Salacia Oblonga to 39 healthy adults, and the results were promising. The largest dose of the herb extract  1,000 milligrams decreased insulin and blood glucose levels by 29 and 23 percent, respectively.

"These kinds of reductions are similar to what we might see with prescription oral medications for people with diabetes," said Steve Hertzler, a study co-author and an assistant professor of nutrition at Ohio State University.

Salacia Oblonga, which is native to regions of India and Sri Lanka, binds to intestinal enzymes that break down carbohydrates in the body. These enzymes, called alpha-glucosidases, turn carbohydrates into glucose, the sugar that circulates throughout the body. If the enzyme binds to the herbal extract rather than to a carbohydrate, then less glucose gets into the blood stream, resulting in lowered blood glucose and insulin levels.

"Lowering blood glucose levels lowers the risk of disease-related complications in people with diabetes," Hertzler said. "Also, poor compliance with diabetes medications often hinders the effectiveness of these drugs. It may be easier to get someone to take an herb with food or in a beverage, as opposed to a pill."

The study appears in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Thirty-nine healthy adults participated in four separate meal tolerance tests. These meals, which were given in beverage form, were spaced three to 14 days apart. Each participant fasted for at least 10 hours before consuming the test beverage.

Participants were asked to drink about two cups' worth of the chilled beverage, which contained zero, 500, 700 or 1,000 milligrams of Salacia oblonga extract. Afterward, the researchers used the finger-prick method to draw blood samples from each person every 15 to 30 minutes for three hours. These blood samples were used to determine insulin and blood glucose concentrations. The biggest changes in blood glucose and insulin levels usually happen within the first two hours after eating.

The beverage that contained the highest concentration of the herbal extract 1,000 milligrams provided the most dramatic reduction in insulin and blood glucose levels. Insulin levels were 29 percent lower, while blood glucose levels were 23 percent lower as compared to the control drink, which contained no herbal extract.

As Salacia Oblonga can cause intestinal gas, the researchers had the study participants collect breath hydrogen samples hourly for eight hours after drinking the test beverage. The participants collected their breath in small plastic tubes. The researchers then analyzed these breath samples for hydrogen and methane content the level of either substance in the breath corresponds to the level contained in the colon.

The subjects also rated the frequency and intensity of nausea, abdominal cramping and distention and gas for two days after consuming each test meal.

While the test beverages containing Salacia Oblonga caused an increase in breath hydrogen excretion, reports of gastrointestinal discomfort were minimal, Hertzler said.

Right now he and his colleagues are trying to figure out what dose of the herb is most effective, and when it should be taken relative to a meal.

"We want to know how long it takes for the herb to bind to the enzymes that break down carbohydrates," Hertzler said. "The participants in this study took the herb with their meal, but maybe taking it before eating would be even more effective."

The researchers also want to study the effects of Salacia Oblonga in people with diabetes.

"A lot of studies show that lowering blood sugar levels reduces the risk for all kinds of diabetes-related complications, such as kidney disease and nerve and eye damage," Hertzler said. "We want to see if this herb has this kind of effect."

Salacia Oblonga is still relatively difficult to find in the United States, Hertzler said, although there are manufacturers that sell the herb through the Internet.

This study was supported by the Ross Products Division of Abbott Laboratories in Columbus.

Hertzler is continuing to conduct Salacia Oblonga studies with the Ross Products Division of Abbott Laboratories. He has no links to the company beyond this affiliation.

Hertzler conducted the work with former Ohio State colleague Patricia Heacock, who is now at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; Jennifer Williams, a clinical scientist with Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories; and Bryan Wolf, a former research scientists with Ross Products Division

Facts on type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body has trouble using its own insulin to control the blood sugar. At the time of diagnosis, beta cells often are producing as much or more insulin as would be needed by someone else of equal weight. But changes in liver, fat and muscle cells cause have created resistance to insulin. Fat cells are not responsive to insulin, so they begin releasing free fatty acids into the bloodstream and these worsen the response to insulin. The liver does not respond to insulin so it is less able to turn off its production and release of glucose, and the blood sugar rises further. Cells in the muscles would normally pick up glucose from the blood, but insulin resistance weakens this effort. All these cellular changes cause damaging fat and sugar levels to rise in the blood.

Those with Type 2 diabetes are actually a small part of a larger group that has metabolic syndome or Syndrome X, which was first recognized in the early 1990's. This syndome includes everyone who has insulin resistance. About 30% of those with insulin resistance eventually develop Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can no longer produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance and keep up with the body's increased need for insulin.

The insulin-resistance syndrome is associated with high triglycerides (over 200), low HDL (under 40 mg/dl), high blood pressure, and gout. Syndrome X is found in one out of every four Americans with signs that include insulin resistance, cholesterol problems (especially a low HDL and high triglycerides), and high blood pressure. Those with an apple figure who carry excess weight predominantly in their abdomen are at the highest risk to develop Syndrome X. The cholesterol and blood pressure problems associated with Syndrome X hasten cardiovascular disease, which is responsible for 70% of the deaths in this group.

By the time Type 2 diabetes is discovered, 10 to 15 years of high blood sugars often have passed. Symptoms in Type 2 diabetes often start gradually and can easily be confused with normal aging. There can be no symptoms or only mild ones. Symptoms may include tiredness, irritability, blurred vision or changes in vision, numbness and tingling in the feet and legs, and frequent infections that don't heal quickly.

Many people find out they have diabetes after a high blood sugar is found during a routine health exam. Early diagnosis and treatment are facilitated by having an annual physical exam that includes a blood sugar test. Because diagnosis is commonly delayed, serious complications may already be in progress at the time the disease is discovered. Therefore, a complete checkup for complications and associated diseases should be done as soon as diabetes is discovered.

For anyone with an apple figure, helpful tests include blood pressure measurement, a complete lipid panel for triglycerides, HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol; a microalbumin test of the urine to detect early kidney changes; examination of the eyes by an ophthalmologist for retinopathy; examination of the feet for nerve and vascular problems; and a careful evalution of the heart. For those with diabetes, an additional test called the hemoglobin A1C should be done. This test shows the average blood sugar for the last three months. include Ask your health care provider for these tests if they aren't automatically provided.

What Causes Type 2
People over 40 who are sedentary and overweight, especially with excess weight around the middle, are the most likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. People who have a family history of Type 2 diabetes and those with a Hispanic, Black, Native American, or Asian background are more likely to develop Type 2 when excess weight is gained.

People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin but because of insulin resistance the insulin does not work well. Over several years of having the disease, they gradually stop producing insulin. Some 85 to 90 percent of all diabetes is Type 2. Treatments for insulin resistance Type 2 diabetes revolves around varied combinations of diet, exercise, medications, or insulin. Insulin resistance is best treated with weight loss, a healthy diet, and exercise.

Therapy for Type 2 diabetes individuals a wide range of medications that can enhance insulin production, reduce the liver's production of glucose, sensitize the cells to insulin, and slow the digestion of carbohydrates to minimize the rise of blood sugars after meals. Because insulin production gradually fails in Type 2 diabetes, insulin can become necessary as part of the treatment plan.

Why Apple Figures Are Unhealthy
Apples may be good for you, but an apple figure filled out with excess weight in the middle isn't. The apple figure is almost universal in Type 2 diabetes and is occassionally encountered in adults with Type 1 diabetes. This cardiovascular risk for heart disease goes up two and a half times for men with diabetes and an apple figure. The risk rises eightfold for women with diabetes and this shape. Men and women with the apple figure share the same high risk for heart disease.

Before you blame your parents, realize that very controllable lifestyle factors are the cause for excess fat deposits in the middle. These factors include use of alcohol (especially beer), smoking, stress, lack of exercise, gaining more than normal weight, eating fewer than three meals a day, and a diet high in fat or simple sugars.

Fat located within the abdomen can be thought of as "fast" fat. Fat cells in this location are able to release fat into the bloodstream much faster than fat cells located elsewhere. For instance, fat begins to be released from the abdomen three to four hours after the last meal compared to many more hours for fat cells in other areas of the body. This easy release was designed to provide rapid access to fuel for exertion needed for hunting and fleeing from danger. But with today's sedentary lifestyle, the abdominal buildup of fat shows up as higher triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid levels. The excess fat in the abdomen turns out to be a major cause of insulin resistance.

Excess heart risks accompany an apple figure in the form of higher triglyceride levels, lower HDL (protective cholesterol), higher blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, and kidney disease. Often there is a family history of high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and cholesterol problems.

Do You Have An Apple Figure?
To find out if you have an apple figure, use a tape measure to measure around your waist an inch above your navel. Next measure your hips at their widest point. Then divide your waist measurement by your hip measurement.

Ratios above 0.8 for women or above 1.0 for men suggest an unhealthy accumulation of fat in the middle. If you've got an apple figure, you can do the following to improve insulin sensitivity and to prevent health problems:

Nutrition expert Shellie Brian provides insight in to healthy food and drink. She says "getting your daily in take of nutrition is essential for maintaining your insulin levels. These bullet points are a must if you are going to maintain a good level of control:-
**Eat fewer calories and less fat
**Eat less at each meal and leave food on your plate
**Eat small amounts of food more often
**Keep blood sugars normal before breakfast and 2 hours after meals
**Drink little or no alcohol
**Exercise regularly
**Don't smoke
**Reduce stress through lifestyle changes and stress management

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body has trouble using its own insulin to control the blood sugar. At the time of diagnosis, beta cells often are producing as much or more insulin as would be needed by someone else of equal weight. But changes in liver, fat and muscle cells cause have created resistance to insulin. Fat cells are not responsive to insulin, so they begin releasing free fatty acids into the bloodstream and these worsen the response to insulin. The liver  does not respond to insulin so it is less able to turn off its production and release of glucose, and the blood sugar rises further. Cells in the muscles would normally pick up glucose from the blood, but insulin resistance weakens this effort. All
these cellular changes cause damaging fat and sugar levels to rise in the blood.

Those with Type 2 diabetes are actually a small part of a larger group that has metabolic syndome or Syndrome X, which was first recognized in the early 1990's. This syndome includes everyone who has insulin resistance. About 30% of those with insulin resistance eventually develop Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can no longer produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance and keep up with the body's increased need for insulin.

The insulin-resistance syndrome is associated with high triglycerides (over 200), low HDL (under 40 mg/dl), high blood pressure, and gout. Syndrome X is found in one out of every four Americans with signs that include insulin resistance, cholesterol problems (especially a low HDL and high triglycerides), and high blood pressure. Those with an apple figure who carry excess weight predominantly in their abdomen are at the highest risk to develop Syndrome X. The cholesterol and blood pressure problems associated with Syndrome X hasten cardiovascular disease, which is responsible for 70% of the deaths in this group.

By the time Type 2 diabetes is discovered, 10 to 15 years of high blood sugars often have passed. Symptoms in Type 2 diabetes often start gradually and can easily be confused with normal aging. There can be no symptoms or only mild ones. Symptoms may include tiredness, irritability, blurred vision or changes in vision, numbness and tingling in the feet and legs, and frequent infections that don't heal quickly.

Many people find out they have diabetes after a high blood sugar is found during a routine health exam. Early diagnosis and treatment are facilitated by having an annual physical exam that includes a blood sugar test. Because diagnosis is commonly delayed, serious complications may already be in progress at the time the disease is discovered. Therefore, a complete checkup for complications and associated diseases should be done as soon as diabetes is discovered.

For anyone with an apple figure, helpful tests include blood pressure measurement, a complete lipid panel for triglycerides, HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol; a microalbumin test of the urine to detect early kidney changes; examination of the eyes by an ophthalmologist for retinopathy; examination of the feet for nerve and vascular problems; and a careful evalution of the heart. For those with diabetes, an additional test called the hemoglobin A1C should be done. This test shows the average blood sugar for the last three months. include Ask your health care provider for these tests if they aren't automatically provided.

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